A UNIT OF AVANI TRAVEL SERVICES
Minimum number of Days required : 14 Days
Tour Cost : Starts from Rs. 64,900/- per person on twin sharing basis, breakfast, Ferry crossing to Majuli and onwards and to Dibrugarh, transfers and sightseeing.
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Arunachal Pradesh : Arunachal Pradesh is the biggest state in Northeast India. It is a part of the eastern himalayas and has hilly terrain with exquisite natural beauty. The state has remained essentially unpolluted and the people relatively undisturbed by materialistic complexities. Arunachal is characterized by lush green mountains, sow covered peaks, unique flora and fauna and diverse tribal culture. The state is inhabited by 26 major tribes. In this tour guests will travel to villages of Apatani, Nyishi, Tagin, Adi and Galo tribes
Apatani : The Apatani tribe live in the Ziro valley in the Lower Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh. They are famous for their face tattoos and nose plugs.
Nyishi : The Nyishi tribe is the largest ethnic group of Arunachal Pradesh . In Nishi, their traditional language, Nyi means "a human" and the word shi means "being", so it means "human being". They are spread across eight districts of Kra Daadi, Kurung Kumey, East Kameng, West Kameng, Papum Pare, parts of Lower Subansiri, Kamle and Pakke Kesang district. The highlight of the Nyishi men is the cane helmet surmounted with the beak of the great Indian hornbill but now cane or bamboo beaks are used instead of the actual beak.
Adi : The name Adi means 'hill man'. Adi tribe in Arunachal Pradesh are found along the Siang river mainly in the East Siang, West Siang and the Upper Siang districts. The tribe divides into two main divisions - the Bogum and Onai which again has its sub divisions. They have a highly developed system of democracy and all major decisions in a village are taken by the Kebang which is the village council only after full consultation with all members of the community. In the villages, boys and men have a dormitory club called Moshup and, in some villages, the girls also have a separate club called Raseng. These dormitories used to be where young Adi would learn about their traditions and duties. With time, traditions are changing and now most young children go to schools. Apong is the traditional rice beer of the Adis.
Galo : The Galo people mainly inhabit Lepa Rada, West Siang, Lower Siang, East Siang district, the southeastern side of Upper Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh. They trace their common origin to a primeval ancestor, Abotani. But unlike the Mising (Assam), Adi, Apatani, Nyishi and Tagin, the other communities, only the Galos maintain genealogy through given names. The Galo tribe is unique for their system of naming their children. They have a system of prefixing the second syllable of a father’s name to that of a son, who passes on the suffix in his name to his son. Hence, they can trace the names of ancestors from the first syllable or prefix of the name.
Assam : The state of Assam is the gateway to Northeast India. It is bestowed with an abundance of natural grandeur. The soothing beauty of the Brahmaputra river that flows through the state like a lifeline, is mesmerising. It is also a meeting place of several ethnic populations over a long period. The complex blending of diverse cultures and religions in this fertile land in a harmonious manner has formed a unique society. In this tour guests will arrive in Jorhat, a town in Upper Assam. Here they will visit an Assamese village and also a Tai tribal village. Guests will travel to Majuli, a river island in the Brahmaputra where they will see the lifestyle of the Mishing tribe. The tour will end in Dibrugarh, another town in Upper Assam from where guests will visit a Singpho tribal village.
Tai : There are six Tai communities in Assam who had migrated in different time periods in the 16-17th centuries from Thailand and settled down in parts of Upper Assam. They are mostly Buddhists and locally known as Shyam or the people from Siam, the name by which Thailand was known earlier. Their lifestyle, festivals, dress and dialect still has many elements of their old Tai culture. The most successful of the Tai migrants were the Tai Ahoms who came as invaders, then united the region and established the Ahom dynasty that ruled Assam from 1228 to 1822. The Ahoms embraced Hinduism and built many temples and buildings in Assam, most notables ones in their capital Sibsagar.
Mishing : Mishings or Miris are an indigenous community of Assam. They belong to the Tibeto-Burman family of the Mongolian group. They were originally a hill tribe in the region of now Arunachal Pradesh who had descended to live in the fertile lands on the banks of river Brahmaputra in Upper Assam. For a long time they controlled the trade between the hill people and the valley people and were the sole medium of communication between them. The houses of the Mishing tribe are built on bamboo stilts as a measure of protection against annual flooding of the river. The dominant colours of their attires are red and black. Their main festival is Ali Aye Lígang. The dance of the Mishing tribe has a beautiful rhythmic flow.
Singpho : The Singpho tribe resides in Upper Assam and Eastern Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India. They are related to the Jingpho tribe of China and Kachin ethnic race of northern Myanmar. Legend has it that the British learnt about tea growing naturally in Assam from the Singphos who were cultivating, producing and drinking tea in their traditional methods. The Bruce brothers took tea saplings from the Singphos and paved the way for commercial cultivation of the plant in Assam.
The Singphos celebrate 'Shapawng Yawng Manau Poi' festival every year in February. It is a colourful festival filled with dance, music, food and beverages.
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